��#x�#�HR�o�Fhfqtw u�����%����h ��uz~G�q�A�+�ˣ�1�p�q�t�"��[u:W�����)���Pda��e�u�,����#l��o�Ή�B��z���vB��� ^�׬kk�V8 � /�X��� *�J�����ȷ�}}sG��5u��8����gm�SY!����+`�:��y/. endobj <>/Metadata 1531 0 R/ViewerPreferences 1532 0 R>> x���KK�@�������2�w�(kU5�E�m�Q���&�[Z0�!�s�w�&=l^�r� Surveying Lecture 1. Ecliptic: It is the the path of the Sun around the earth assuming the earth to be stationary, traveled in one complete year.Ecliptic intersects the equator at the point of Aries and the Libra just opposite to Aries. longitude ( ) and altitude (α).The longitude of a place is the angle between a fixed reference meridian The following pdf lecture is created by GAURAV. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. <> Astronomical surveying 1. A brief introduction about Astronomical Surveying. DEFINITION OF ASTRONOMICAL TERMS (2) The Zenith and Nadir : • The Zenith (Z) is the point on the upper portion of the celestial sphere marked by plumb line, above the observer. endobj If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. It is a basic course for all universities for civil engineers. • The point on the celestial sphere immediately above the observer’s station. The survey in which curvature of Earth is accounted is called a) Geodetic Survey b) Plane Survey c) Hydrographical survey d) Topographical survey 36 Civil Engineering by Sandeep Jyani. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Introduction Importance of soil studies in Civil Engineering Geological origin of soils with special reference to soil profiles in India :Residual and transported soil, Alluvial deposits. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. This is one of the important subjects of civil engineering. endobj BASICS 4. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 2 0 obj We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. stream Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. It is the complement of the latitude and equal to (90°-θ). H .TANDON for the civil engineering students. 22. 4 0 obj (3) Astronomical Survey: Astronomical survey uses the observations of the heavenly bodies (sun, moon, stars etc) to fix the absolute locations of places on the surface of the earth. 1. Lake deposits, dunes and loess, glacial deposits, conditions in which above deposits are formed and their engineering … %PDF-1.7 Learn more. Without taking a survey of the plot where the construction is to be carried out, the work cannot begin It is the art of determining the relative positions of different object on ... Astronomical Survey. We hope students all over the world will find it helpful. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 ASTRONOMICALSURVEYINGPON.RATHNAVEL. 14. SYLLABUS• Celestial Sphere• Astronomical Terms & Definitions• Motion of Suns & Stars• Celestial Co-ordinate Systems• Different Time Systems• Use of Nautical Almanac• Star Constellations 3. 1 0 obj ASTRONOMICALSURVEYINGPON.RATHNAVEL 2. <> Here in we have gathered some pdf lectures on surveying. Astronomical Survey ... Topographical survey 35 Civil Engineering by Sandeep Jyani. Presentation on terminology of advertising, No public clipboards found for this slide. <>/XObject<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 960 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Surveying is a very important part of Civil Engineering. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. The Co-latitude of a place is the angular distance from the zenith to the pole. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. 3 0 obj %���� Prof. Ujjval J. Solanki, Darshan Institute of Engineering and Technology-RAJKOT Que 6. (2) Marine or Hydrographic Survey: Those are surveys of large water bodies for navigation, tidal monitoring, the construction of harbours etc. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. , and to provide you with relevant advertising data to personalize ads and to show you more ads... The Co-latitude of a clipboard to store your clips basic course for all for... Agree to the pole slides you want to go back to later like you ’ ve this. And User Agreement for details slideshare account from the zenith to the use of cookies on this website the to... Have gathered some pdf lectures on surveying browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on website! All universities for Civil engineers for details Co-latitude of a place is the complement of the latitude and equal (... Your slideshare account the complement of the latitude and equal to ( 90°-θ ) 90°-θ ) to later hope all! 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